The College of Patent Agents and Trademark Agents (CPATA) was established by the Government of Canada by statute enacted in 2018. The following rationale for creating CPATA was articulated:
Patent and trademark agents play an essential role in helping firms obtain formal intellectual property rights, yet the profession lacks a modern governance structure (in contrast to other trusted professions—e.g. lawyers, engineers, doctors). Implementing a modern regulatory framework will ensure that businesses can trust the advice they receive from these important professionals. Ensuring the integrity of the profession has recently become more essential, as communication with IP agents is now protected by statutory privilege in the same way as solicitor-client advice. This privilege could be abused without adequate oversight.
A full description of the details behind establishment of the College may be found here.